INCREASING ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN MIDDLE-EAST COUNTRIES
Till the year 2017 there are 197 countries those are the member countries of Montreal Protocol those are looking ahead to action that must be taken to fulfill their commitments. Energy efficiency is the big problem in the middle-east countries. The name of the middle – countries are as such Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Jordan, Israel, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Iran, Syria and Yemen.
But from these, most of the countries are undergoing with the energy - efficiency problem. In the race for industrial excellence, energy consumption has touched record levels across the world. So how can middle - east countries be untouched such condition. Global energy demand rose by one third from 2000 to 2014 with oil consumption alone approaching 95 million barrels per day, energy firm Exxon-Mobil noted in its 2016 Energy Outlook report. Despite the carbon emission warnings being issued, demand for energy is only set to grow. In the Middle East, these commitments are especially relevant. After a record-setting summer of extreme heat, the Protocol commitments align with changes that are designed to keep the region’s temperatures moderate and increase energy efficiency. Also there is nuclear energy increase in countries especially U.A.E. and Saudi Arabia which are giving their attention to building nuclear power plants to achieve their clean energy targets. While in U.A.E. it has already been set up its first energy plants in Barakah and is going to operational by 2020. This will reduce the Carbon emission of United Arab Emirates up to 17 million tons annually. This will also provide bigger profit to these countries by providing 1/4 of its energy needs. In Saudi Arabia, there are 16 nuclear plants are in the constructional mode and is set to be operational by the year 2040 which will accomplish its demand by producing more than 16 GW energy while Egypt and Jordan have also signed their nuclear deals with Russia to build nuclear reactors. There is also a report which was released by IEA (International Energy Agency) says that nuclear energy is also going to play a key role in future energy system which is also looking as to mitigate the worst effect of climate change. It is also said in the report that solar photo-voltaic or wind unit is about 22-40% higher than that from nuclear generation.
Methods to Reduce Energy Consumption in Residential Buildings
Middle Eastern countries are now turning to solar power to make up a good portion of their renewable energy targets. Despite sunlight being an abundant resource, the use of solar power in the region was long hampered by issues of affordability and difficulty in cleaning the panels from dust. But with recent industry innovations within the solar power generation sector these issues have become less challenging, prompting governments to use solar power to generate electricity.
Saudi Arabia, for example, air conditioners and refrigeration systems account for more than 70 percent of electricity consumption. With 1.5 million new homes needed to keep up with population growth, energy demand is anticipated to double by 2030. Increasing energy - consumption is also a major problem of the United Arab Emirates in the era of modernization. We should also have to understand about the Energy.
Efficiency policies of the Middle - East countries. In the Middle - East countries, energy use in buildings accounts globally for nearly 40% of global energy consumption and 36% of total energy-related carbon dioxide emissions. This percentage of the Energy consumption is almost equal to the split in two halves between the industrialized countries and the rest of the world. In the middle-east countries there are two types of energy use in their buildings are as such; first, to keep our interior environment comfortable through cooling, ventilation and heating our spaces; second, to power the appliances that we have come to depend on such as home appliances, lighting systems, computers and other equipments of the office.
In recent years many Arab countries have attempted to address these two sources of energy use, and a number of studies have been published to chart some of these attempts.
Throughout the Arab World lighting constitutes a large percentage of total energy use. For example, in Egypt lighting accounts for nearly 23% of the total electricity consumption, half of which is consumed in the residential and commercial. However, in spite of this high percentage, no policies have emerged to encourage the transition to more efficient lighting methods. Compact Florescent Lighting (CFLs) have recently emerges worldwide as an alternative to the highly inefficient incandescent lighting. However, while CFL lamps offer great economic and environmental benefits, only few Arab countries have strategies or national plans to disseminate them. One of the major obstacles to the use of highly efficient lamps in most Arab countries, as has been the case worldwide, is their relatively high initial cost especially that most of these lamps are imports and subject to customs duties. CFL lamps are rarely manufactured locally in the Arab countries.
Building efficiency, commonly referred to as “green” or “sustainable” construction which refers to structures that are designed and built with improved energy efficiency as a key design constraint. The concept aims to reduce the environmental impact of buildings and to improve the well-being of their occupants. Government authorities in UAE like countries will still need to develop more detailed regulations and frameworks that dictate energy efficiency in buildings, particularly during construction. These regulations can use a range of levers: licensing contractors based on energy performance; mandating procurement procedures that factor in total life-cycle cost, rather than just initial construction; and requiring advance modeling and simulations to predict the energy consumption footprint prior to construction, as part of the procurement process (a tool known as building information modeling).
Methods to Reduce Energy Consumption in Office Buildings -
Increasing Energy Consumption is a major concern for the middle-east countries. Thirty percent is the amount of average energy which wastes from commercial building. If you’ve never done anything to save energy at your building, chances are you have a lot of room to improve. In fact, it’s often possible to reduce energy use by 10 percent with little or no cost. Capture easy wins by starting with simple changes, like adjusting temperature set points and making sure lights aren’t on when no one’s around. Then get expert help from a service and product provider, who can take you a step further. Or follow the five-stage approach in the ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual to maximize your energy savings.
There are several ways applying which there can energy consumption be reduced in the office buildings as such.
Go for best Energy Star rated appliances, whether they are refrigerators or vending machines. These types of appliances suck up energy constantly, which means newer, more energy efficient models are worth investing in.
Upgrade your HVAC system
Upgrade your HVAC equipment, your heating, ventilating, and air conditioning systems, with more efficient models to reduce energy consumption, costs, and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). CFCs contain Carbon, Chlorine and Fluorine vapors which is derived from methane, ethane, and propane.
Upgrade your lighting to modern technology install smart plugs
Use Light Emitting Diode (LED) desk lamps in your office. These energy efficient light bulbs have three significant advantages - LED bulbs last up to 10 times as long as compact fluorescent and much longer than your typical incandescent. LED lights are also more durable since they don’t have a filament. So you need to focus in LED Bulbs those are also very common these days. Lighting is a major component of energy costs, and it contributes to up to 30% of commercial buildings’ energy consumption.
Energy-Saving Office Culture
Getting employees to participate in energy-saving habits is an effective way to help reduce energy costs. Creating incentives or competitions to see how low an office can get their average kWh spend per month is an innovative way to encourage employees toward saving energy.
Plant Shade Trees outside Your Office
These will provide shade in the summer, reducing the cooling load and will allow sun into your building in the winter, reducing the heating load. Evergreen trees should be planted along the west and north sides of the building. The evergreen trees will create a wind block in the winter and add to the shading during the summer.
Install Motion Sensitive Light Switches
Involve building personnel in planning for the sensors. For continued energy savings, users should take precautions in positioning the sensors and train workers in the building about their purpose.
Use Air Compressors
One reason for that popularity of the Air Compressors is the safety and convenience of using air as a resource, as opposed to other energy sources such as electricity. So it helps us to reduce energy consumption from the office buildings.
Reduce Energy Consumption by Building Design and Layout
We can also consume the less energy as making it environmental friendly in less price. So we should have to keep it in mind during the design.
Methods to reduce energy consumption in hotel buildings
Hotel companies are promoting actions to make their hotels more sustainable and reduce their impact on the environment. However, they still have limited tools to constrain their structures to respect their sustainability standards. Over the past 30 years energy consumption in the Middle - East Countries it has been Experienced by the economists, that there is rapid increase in the economic trade, income and energy consumption. There are several methods to reduce the energy consumption in the Middle-East countries. From which there are the most effective methods applying which hoteliers can help to save and protect the environment. First hoteliers should make efficient shape of their buildings and it should be designed for efficient isolation. It should maintain its lower temperature in the rooms. For lighting hoteliers must allow the natural wind to stream in and it should also be low consumption light bulbs in the rooms. There should also be energy saving mini bar and TV in the hotel's room. For it should be the conversion of Kitchen grease into bio-dynamic fuel. For the laundry there may be an option of Towel Reuse and Linen Reuse which has to pay less in cost. There should be energy saving laundry equipment. For the office, motion sensors are a good option to save the energy and to prevent the harmful emission which releases through this and also should use limited electronic appliances. Switch-Off the computers is also a good idea, when it is not in use. Hoteliers should use the energy saving ventilation system which cost is not so higher and as far as possible it should use the natural ventilation system. Overall, solar panel installation is very good option to obstruct the harmful releasing particles like Co2 and others, maintaining your environment healthy. Beyond this use of renewable energy may help the hoteliers in saving his ecosystem. With an eye on energy savings, the Middle-East countries are varying its Power Sources.
Methods to Reduce Energy Consumption in Shopping Malls
Many countries, suffering the summer are using the Air Conditioner which provides the relief but outside it has very bad impact. So there has electrically powered Air Conditioners been used. These gadgets are very hungry of power. Most of these electrically huger devices are using in the malls. But most of countries are now going for powerful solutions. For reducing the energy consumption rate in the malls, we should have to follow some steps those will help to make your environment clean and better as such:
1. By Upgrading Lighting System -
Many shopping malls still use incandescent bulbs which has the energy consumption cost more the 15 times or sometimes more than it too. So we should have to persist about replacing incandescent bulb from the LED bulb, which are more common now-a-days. It will save our environment as well as saving our energy consumption cost. Newer LED light bulbs are not only more energy-efficient, they can last ten times longer and produce less heat.
2. By Installing Motion sensors wherever possible –
More than thousands of dollars could be wasted in the empty rooms. So we have to persist on installing motion detectors on lights and bathroom fixtures can significantly decrease both electricity and water waste.
3. By Investing in an Energy Management System –
Energy Management System provides you the entire energy consumption data on daily basis but except this it also provides you this data in segmented way as well.
4. Service the HVAC system –
HVAC is an acronym form of Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. It is a technology of indoor and vehicular environmental comfort. It provides you acceptable indoor air quality and thermal comfort too. So maintaining its service proper, at least once in a year, we can reduce energy efficiency and can increase the purity of air.
5. After Optimizing Facility Schedule –
Usually most of the shopping malls open for 12 hours or less than it but they consume energy of full 24 hours using the most of appliance's energy. So it is very important for the malls to use only necessary appliances around the clock such as for security reasons or refrigeration while remaining is not.
There is a report which was published by institution named as Apicorp and it says, "Power capacity in the Middle East and North Africa region has to expand at an annual average pace of 8% between 2016 and 2020 to keep pace with the demand. But not all of this demand can potentially be satisfied by natural gas alone." The Middle East is the world’s largest oil-producing region in 2016 and accounted for all of the net growth in global production of oil and of crude oil exports. Major oil regions are, Saudi Arabia, and its five Gulf Cooperation Council partners (Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman and UAE). Also MENA comprises the five African nations of the Mediterranean (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Egypt) and the Levant states of Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Palestine. The Middle East accounted for all of the growth in global crude exports and nearly half the increase in refined product exports. There are profound changes are occurring throughout the global energy system, including an increase in the production of hydrocarbons in the Americas and a shift in demand in which oil is giving way to gas and, to a lesser extent, coal. There are several other methods those are essential for reducing the cost of expenses so that you will also able to tackle many other problems. 80–90% of the electrical energy used by an air compressor is converted to heat. Utilizing a heat recovery unit can recover 50–90% of this heat for heating air or water, piece of equipment that produces heat can use a heat exchanger to help offset the heating need from HVAC equipment. LLC which is Global Efficiency Intelligence has also been working on a project to improve the energy efficiency in the Cement Industry of the Middle - East Countries while cement industry is responsible to produce 5 percent of the current anthropogenic CO2 emissions worldwide.